The Nilgiri Tahr in Munnar Kerala technically known as ‘Nilgiritragus hylocrius’ is a caprine ungulate, which is common to the Nilgiri Mountains and the southeast part of the ‘Western Ghats’ in the South Indian province of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is the special state creature of Tamil Nadu, Kerala’s nearby place. It is also known by the name Nilgiri Ibex or just Ibex. Regionally this animal is known as ‘Varayaadu’.
Its nearest species are the lambs from the genus ‘Ovis.’ The Nilgiri goat is different from the other varieties of Tahr namely the Himalayan Tahr and the Arabian Tahr. The Nilgiri Tahr in MunnarKerala is sturdy goats with short, strong fur and a bristly hair. The male Tahrs are to be bigger than the female Tahrs, and have a deeper color when older. Both genders have rounded horns, which are bigger in the make Tahrs, attaining up to 40 cm in males and 30 cm in females. The horns of the female Tahrs are more compact and slimmer. Males weigh is about 80–100 kg and take a position about 100 cm high at the neck. Females weigh about around 50 kg and take a position 80 cms high at neck size. Males create a light grayish area or ’saddle’ on their supports and are hence known as ‘saddlebacks’. The Nilgiri Tahr has a short grey-brown or black hairy coat. There are face marks, particularly unique in older men, made up of a darkish barrel divided from a black face by a white red stripe running down from the base of horns. Females and premature males are an overall yellowish-brown to grayish, with the under parts being paler.
These Nilgiri Tahrs occupy the open montane grassland territory of the southeast Western Ghats montane forest eco area. At levels, which range from 1200 to 2600 m, the jungle opens into grasslands dispersed with pouches of stunted jungles, known as ‘sholas.’ Deep jungles at the lower levels enclose these grassland territiries. The Nilgiri Tahrs formerly varied over these grasslands in huge herds, but tracking and poaching in the twentieth century decreased their inhabitants to as few as 100 animals by the beginning of last millennium. Since that time, their communities have improved somewhat and currently number about 2000 animals. Their variety expands over 400 km from northern to southeast, and Eravikulam Nationwide Recreation area is home to the biggest inhabitants. The other significant focus is in the Nilgiri wildlife with compact communities in the Anamalai Mountains, Periyar Natinal park area and Palani Mountains as well as other pouches in the southeast of Eravikulam National Park, located in Western Ghats Kerala.
The Nilgiri Tahr is vulnerable varieties detailed in Routine I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 and evaluated as vulnerable by the IUCN using the 1994 Red List Classification. Having been exterminated from the northern most scenery, the thin air grasslands of southwest Karnataka during previous times 50 decades, the Tahr is at present discovered only within 6 high elevation landscape. In addition, within these six landscapes, 18 places have continual small to huge communities that differ in dimension between 20 and 550 creatures. Reports made at various times during previous times 30 decades placed the inhabitants dimension the Nilgiri Tahr between 2000 and 2500 over its entire variety. It is obvious that the Nilgiri Tahr had achieved the verge of annihilation sometime during the latter half of the Nineteenth millennium. Early treatments by the erstwhile Nilgiri Activity Organization and Great Range Activity Organization as well as modern maintenance projects advised by the Indian Wildlife animals (Protection) Act of 1972 have assisted a rather impressive return of the varieties in less than 150 decades. A hard calculates would currently place their numbers within 1800-2000. The reason for the rather regional compliance of the Tahr is its choice for an environment that is primarily of grasslands effectively protected by extreme bumpy cliffs; a unique environment type that has appropriately given the varieties the regional name significance ‘Cliff Goat.’ These grasslands get not less than 1500mm of rainfall fall yearly and enjoy a brief dry year and as such are limited to just 7 high altitude (1200-2600m ASL) in the southeast Western Ghats, place to visit in Munnar.
The main reproduction year of the wild Nilgiri Tahr is from July to Aug during the monsoons. Perception is for a period of six several weeks. Birth rate of Nilgiri Tahr increases in Jan and Feb. A newborn baby Tahr is known as a Kid. By two weeks of age, the kid follows its mother but they are not weaned until four to six several weeks. Sexual adulthood happens at around 16 several weeks. The common lifespan of the Nilgiri Tahr in the forest is approximated to be only three or 3.5 years, although their potential lifespan is at least 9 years.
Ways are being identified to enhance the continuous medical maintenance projects. The recommendations include control of poaching, increasing firm security actions including contribution from the neighborhood, evaluation of quality of environments for their long lasting relevance and durability, and devoting more areas for its maintenance by announcing a unique Nilgiri Tahrs haven.